a Stoic is someone who takes the time to view the world logically and objectively, and accept what they see as it comes. They then accept responsibility for how they respond to what they experience and do their best to act with virtue.
The ancient Stoics taught that, because humans are social animals, the path to well-being can be found in:
Accepting the world as it is (rather than resisting it because it’s not what we believe it should be)
In learning to manage both our desire to seek and experience pleasure, and our desire to avoid discomfort.
Using our logic and reason to understand the world around us, objectively.
Working together as a community and act in a just and fair manner towards ourselves and others.
The 4 Stoic Virtues are:
- Wisdom: The ability to see things as they are, in context, and objectively.
- Temperance: The ability to moderate our behaviour despite our desires, cravings, and fears.
- Courage: The ability to act in a way we believe is right, despite forces that may prevent us from doing so (such as fear and discomfort)
- Justice: The ability to act fairly and for the good of the community.